Unveiling PM’s Diwali Gift For MSMEs: The Promise Of Rs 1 Crore Loan In 59 Minutes PM Modi Promises Rs 1 Crore Loan In 59 Minutes to MSMEs
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced 12 decisions which are directed towards the benefit of the country’s Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). For a sector which has faced constant roadblocks by demonetisation and implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), this comes as a good news or how the PM says; a Diwali gift.
This 12-point ‘Support and Outreach Initiative’ for MSMEs by Modi comes at a time when there has been a constant pressure by the government on the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to relax non-performing loan guidelines for the sector.
The MSMEs has been at the receiving end of the changes brought about by goods and services tax (GST) and demonetisation. Along with MSMEs, non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) have faced a lot of liquidity constraints over recent times.
Due to the liquidity constraints, an outreach program will be run by the government which will include certain changes in the laws of the companies. It will take 100 days for the scheme to address the issues of credit access, timely payments, a high cost of credit and access to market and ease of processes and compliance to reach the entire country
As per the policy:
- A loan of Rs 1 crore can be taken in just 59 minutes by an MSME via a new portal.
- A 2% interest subvention or rebate on an incremental loan of up to Rs 1 crore can also be availed by firms which are registered for GRC.
- A raise from 3% to 5% has been made on the interest subvention on pre and post-shipment credit for export by MSMEs.
- Furthermore, the policy states that at least a quarter of the requirements of public sector companies will be sourced from MSMEs. This percentage was earlier at 20%. Furthermore, 3% would have to be done from units run by women.
- The government’s e-Marketplace (GeM) has to be joined by all central public-sector enterprises to promote the online acquisition of common use goods and services by various government departments and organisation.
Additionally, Rs 6,000 crore is being spent by the government to set up 20 hubs and 100 tool rooms for the technology upgrade of MSMEs. According to Modi, the pharma sector will have clusters of MSMEs created with a view of increasing the performance of the sector. All companies which have a turnover of more than Rs 500 crore will need to register on the Trade Receivables e-Discounting System (TReDS) platform in order to eliminate the cash flow problems for MSMEs.
Trade Receivables e-Discounting Systems (TReDS) is a digital platform for MSMEs to action their trade receivables at competitive rates through online bidding by financiers where the main objective is to address the critical financial needs of MSMEs.
A level playing field is provided by TReDS where all the members work together for promoting, discounting, accepting and settling invoices. The guidelines of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) clearly say that only micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) can engage as sellers while NBFCs, banks and factoring companies are financiers
A lot of other companies have been already providing the service of invoice discounting. Invoice discounting comes with more than just one advantage. It provides quick access to working capital, collateral-free account receivable financing, discounting cost, confidential invoice discounting facility and hassle-free invoice discounting. As such, it becomes a great choice for the companies who need to solve their working capital issues.
Opting for invoice discounting also has many advantages over opting for business loans. Business loans take a longer processing time whereas invoice discounting takes a shorter processing time, sometimes as less as just a couple of days. Invoice discounting is a hassle-free and an online process whereas business loans involve the lengthy process of paperwork and documentation. Business loans require a collateral or security which can be difficult for smaller businesses whereas invoice discounting requires no collateral (the invoice serves as a pseudo-collateral or an assurance of payment). Invoice discounting requires the business to be 10 months old whereas business loans require a business to at least 2 years old.
Invoice discounting follows a process. The seller unloads an invoice of a certain amount which after completing the screening process goes to the buyer for acceptance. The invoice is then accepted by the buyer at a discounted rate.
It is indeed a treat to see PM Modi work and promote for the MSMEs. While the idea is great, its implementation remains to be seen. It isn’t that invoice discounting is something that has just come up but watching the government implement and execute it is something that the whole nation will be looking forward too. India has jumped 23 places on the World Bank’s latest ‘Ease of Doing Business’ ranking. Modi also said that his government has achieved way more than other in four years by making India leap from 142nd rank in 2014 to 77th position. In the end, he added that the journey to break into top 50 rank is not far away and constant efforts are being made to achieve it.